Zoonoses, or what you can catch from Pets
Zoonoses is the word coined to designate those diseases that can be caught from animals. Very rarely a person suffering from zoonoses can be dangerous to others. In most cases it is a biological dead end for the pathogen, but it may lead to the death of the human body. Infection can occur from sick animals that come into contact with man. There are two inflammation – the natural (the source of wild animals) and antropologicheskii (Pets are a source of infection).
The risk of infection from domestic animals is determined by several factors. This takes into account type of animal, the conditions of his detention, presence of infectious diseases in your pet. Since the incubation period for the development of various infectious diseases is different, it is important to take into account the lifetime of an animal in the house. Those animals that rarely go outside and they walk only on a leash accompanied by the owner is less dangerous in terms of Contracting different infections. To prevent human infection, it is necessary to timely detect the disease, so regular vet visits and vaccinations are mandatory. Representatives of such professions as a dog handler and veterinarian should periodically be vaccinated from neotribalism. So, what Pets are the most likely sources of human diseases? And what is this disease? Now we have to find out.
Rabies This disease is dangerous for life of man and animal. The causative agent is a virus that infects warm-blooded animals. In the wild the virus is often to settle in the body of a Fox, raccoon, wolf, raccoon dogs. People most often become infected from their Pets – cats and dogs. The virus is excreted in saliva, urine and tears. Most infection occurs due to bite, but there are also known cases of infection at autopsy of infected animals, the butchering of the skins. However, infection can occur and no bite, enough saliva, urine or tears come to the surface. It is important to know that to save a person or animal can until no existence of rabies – otherwise, the patient is simply doomed. Therefore, seek medical or veterinary assistance is required immediately after the attack on a pet or human. As prevent the development of rabies vaccine used. allowing to kill the virus in its infancy. So the sooner assistance was provided, the more chances of a favorable outcome.
Are the causative agent of motile microorganisms that are present in the blood and urine of infected individuals. Affect mostly the liver and kidneys, manifested by yellowing of the mucous membranes. The natural reservoir for the pathogen are domestic and field rodents. Infection occurs mainly through water, as the organism retains its function in the water. In the body of people often appears after contact of the mucous membranes and skin with contaminated water, urine, saliva of infected animals.
This disease is caused by Toxoplasma that enter the human and animal body through ZHHT, after eating contaminated products. Thus, the risk for humans could provide only a sick cat, but dogs get sick though, but a source of toxoplasmosis are not. To prevent toxoplasmosis it is necessary to carefully observe the rules of hygiene, to monitor the animals and check pregnant women for the presence of Toxoplasma in their body. Also it is not recommended to bring home a new cat or kitten during pregnancy.
Chlamydia can be a long time to exist in the body as animal, and man, it is completely asymptomatic. Get infected by chlamydia can from birds because cats and dogs are affected these kinds of chlamydia to which the human body is stable. But domestic and wild birds secrete a dangerous man chlamydia with feces, mucus, saliva. Ways of infection there are two or through digestive tract and respiratory droplets. Parasitizing in animals, chlamydia amaze nervous, respiratory and gastrointestinal system. People usually suffer from bronchial asthma, there is an increase in body temperature, disorders of the digestive system and enlargement of the spleen and liver.
We are talking about the worms and the organisms that live inside the body. A person infected by eggs of helminths in the gastro-intestinal tract that are excreted in the feces of animals. This can occur upon contact with the animal or due to poor heat treatment tableware, food products. However, to completely prevent the ingress of worms is not possible, therefore it is recommended that pet owners carry out deworming 4 times a year, as about animals, and all living in the house.
Parasites that parasitize or live on the skin. Some of them can’t live on human skin, but accomplishes bites, and some happily settle on people. To prevent this required periodic treatment of the skin of a pet’s special medications which help to get rid of ectoparasites.